Enel: Smart Grids

The classical idea of an electric grid is being superseded. There will not only be more lines, switches, and transformers, but also more electronics, informatics, and communications.
So an electric grid is no longer just a channel for transmitting and distributing electric energy from large plants to the end user, but will be an intelligent grid: in other words a Smart Grid, a communal grid able to allow the interaction of producers and consumers, to determine in advance the requests of the consumers, and to flexibly adapt the production and consumption of electric energy.
A grid that consists of many small grids linked together to communicate by exchanging information about energy flows and by managing, with far greater efficiency, the moments when energy peaks in order to avoid an interruption of supply and to reduce the load where necessary.